Sunday, June 4, 2017

anatomical portrait study lesson

The first sheet of the assignment,
the skull and the eye balls. 

Description: Our art class will study and illustrate the basic structure of the human head for this assignment. Students should accurately diagram and label the bone and tissue layers beneath the skin on three separate pieces of drawing paper.
      Human anatomy, which, with physiology and biochemistry, is a complementary basic medical science is primarily the scientific study of the morphology of the adult human body. Anatomy is subdivided into gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy. Gross anatomy is the study of anatomical structures that can be seen by unaided vision. Microscopic anatomy is the study of minute anatomical structures assisted with microscopes, which includes histology and cytology. Anatomy, physiology and biochemistry are complementary basic medical sciences which are usually taught together.
      In some of its facets human anatomy is closely related to embryology, comparative anatomy and comparative embryology, through common roots in evolution; for example, much of the human body maintains the ancient segmental pattern that is present in all vertebrates with basic units being repeated, which is particularly obvious in the vertebral column and in the rib cage, and can be traced from very early embryos.
      The human body consists of biological systems, that consist of organs, that consist of tissues, that consist of cells and connective tissue.
      The history of anatomy has been characterized, over a long period of time, by a continually developing understanding of the functions of organs and structures in the body. Methods have also advanced dramatically, advancing from examination of animals through dissection of preserved cadavers to technologically complex techniques developed in the 20th century.
      Generally, physicians, dentists, physiotherapists, nurses, paramedics, radiographers, artists, and students of certain biological sciences, learn gross anatomy and microscopic anatomy from anatomical models, skeletons, textbooks, diagrams, photographs, lectures, and tutorials. The study of microscopic anatomy can be aided by practical experience examining histological preparations under a microscope; and in addition, medical and dental students generally also learn anatomy with practical experience of dissection and inspection of cadavers A thorough working knowledge of anatomy is required by all medical doctors, especially surgeons, and doctors working in some diagnostic specialties, such as histopathology and radiology.
      Human anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry are basic medical sciences, which are generally taught to medical students in their first year at medical school. Human anatomy can be taught regionally or systemically; that is, respectively, studying anatomy by bodily regions such as the head and chest, or studying by specific systems, such as the nervous or respiratory systems. The major anatomy textbook, Gray's Anatomy, has recently been reorganized from a systems format to a regional format, in line with modern teaching methods.

Subjects: Medical Illustration

Instruction Time: Approximately three class periods

Materials needed:
  • Three sheets of drawing paper
  • Scissors
  • Colored pencils and pens
  • Stencil of skull
  • Photographs, diagrams, and pictures of human skulls and muscular structure to make a reference to
Objective(s): Show-Me Content Standard: Visual Art Standards for Missouri Schools 2009
Strand I: Product/Performance – Select and apply two-dimensional techniques, and processes to communicate ideas and solve challenging visual arts problems for 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th Grades
  • Create smooth, continuous value through even pressure
  • Create a range of 4 smoothly graduated values through varied pressure
  • Define edge through variations in pressure or angle
  • Use media in various ways to create simulated and invented textures
  • Demonstrate proficiency using a single drawing media
  • Blend values/colors to create new values/colors
Strand IV: Interdisciplinary Connections, Explain the connections between Visual Art and Communication Arts, Math, Science or Social Studies
Show-Me Science Curriculum Guide Human Anatomy and Physiology – Characteristics and Interactions of Living Organisms: 1. There is a fundamental unity underlying the diversity of all living organisms
  • Define anatomical and directional terminology to appropriate structures.
Phase 1: Clarify goals and establish set
  • Students will study the differences between anatomical portraits and regular portraits.
  • Students will learn about the necessity of anatomical drawings in scientific study.
  • Students will draw their own versions of anatomically correct portraits to the proficiency of 80% required by the State of MO.
Phase 2: Demonstrate knowledge or skill
Task Analysis:
  • Students should visit the web sites provided by the teacher in the following bibliography.
  • Students will then work from a variety of pictorial references supplied in the classroom for the assignment.
  • The first drawing will illustrate a human skull, the second the muscle tissues of the human head, and the third the outside skin and hair of a anatomically correct human portrait.
  • Correct placement of eye, nose and mouth holes are demonstrated in the classroom sample and should be also cut from student drawings in a like manner
  • Anatomical portraits should be colored in naturalistically.
  • Staple all three drawings together in order of their appearance in real life skulls
Phase 3: Provide Guided Practice
  • The instructor will provide materials needed to describe visually the muscles and bone structure of the human head.
  • The instructor will describe and write out the details concerning the process of an anatomical portrait study.
  • The instructor will demonstrate the process involved with the layered drawing requirements.
Phase 4: Check for understanding and provide feedback – A standardized rubric will be used to analyze and critique each individual student’s artwork.

Phase 5: Provide extended practice and transfer – Students will be encouraged to create even more projects at home. Materials used during class may be duplicated in their own home. A handout for children to take home and color will be provided.

Reflections: Reflections are attached to rubric. There is room enough for both the instructor and student to respond.

Human Anatomy Bibliography:
Resources: The lesson plan adaptations and written content, excluding State Standards, is written and copyrighted by Kathy Grimm, 2009. The use of the ideas and 10% or less content constraint on previously published materials is met in accordance to United States copyright law. Some scientific definitions come from public domain resources. Interested parties may visit the following link to read about Fair Use and Teachers

No comments:

Post a Comment